Ethics of virtues in Aristotle

In his book Nikomakhov Ethics, Aristotle developed the most influential ancient theory of virtue. By emphasis on practicality, he defined happiness as a higher blessing, to which every person, and society, which is implemented in life in harmony with virtue. Happiness is the ultimate goal, because we want to achieve it for themselves.

Virtue, according to Aristotle, is restraint, the right relationship between the two extremes. Golden middle, as defined by a sage in relation to itself. This is not a compromise between the two weaknesses, but the ideal leading to perfection. Consequently, the Golden Middle is not applicable to each act and passion, since it cannot be determined, for example, in the case of a marital infidelity, theft or injustice, which are bad for themselves. The middle is opposed to both extremes. So, for example, a generous person seems to be a wipe compared to the soul, and the buyer is a wasteful compared to the soul. The path of virtues need to feel "at the right time and in the right place, with the right people, with the right inclination and right way"

Virtues are acquired by the action, as individual donations make us as we are. The essence of virtues is due to the decision that Aristotle understands as a conscious and rational choice of funds to achieve the desired goal. Consequently, the decision is what is in human power and for which he is responsible.

The human life task, in contrast to animals or plants, is to act in accordance with its rational nature. He must act in accordance with the perfect virtue, pilot and comprehensively. Aristotle mentions that for happiness to some extent, external prosperity is also required, and adds that being a virtuous is a difficult thing and that efforts are needed. He advises us to observe what extreme he relys more, and move in the opposite direction. He writes: "A citizen is only one who is significantly missed by [Virtue]: He does not remain unnoticed."

Virtue in accordance with the mental and sensual composition of the souls are divided into diagonetic or rational and ethical. First concern, in particular, human mental actions and are acquired by experience and theoretical thinking (for example, wisdom, common sense, prudence and clarity). However, ethical or moral principles are necessary in order to control the instinctive side, that is, emotions, will and character to stay in harmony with mind.